Anemia - DR GHULAM YASEEN

Anemia

Anemia

Anemia is a condition in which a person doesn’t have enough healthy red blood

cells to Convey sufficient oxygen to the tissues of the body. Feeling weakness and tiredness are key Symptoms of anemia. There are many types of anemia, each with its own causation. Anemia can be short term or long term related to underline cause. Its intensity can be slighter to the extreme. See your physician immediately if you suspect that you are anemic, because it may be a warning sign. Treatment of

anemia is vary, as the type of anemia. It may be treated by supplements or

undergoing medical procedures. We can prevent anemia by consuming a healthy

diet.

Signs & Symptoms

Sign & symptoms of anemia may vary according to the underlying cause. They may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Tiredness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Yellowish or Pale skin
  • Chest pain
  • Migraine

At the start, anemia can be mild to the moderate that goes unnoticed for a long time. In any case, symptoms can worsen as anemia worsen.

 

When to see a specialist

 

Make a meeting with your specialist in case you’re feeling exhausted for unexplained reasons. A few anemias, for example, iron deficiency anemia or vitamin B-12 deficiency, are widespread.

 

Exhaustion has a number of causes other than anemia, so don’t panic that in case if you’re fatigued, it doesn’t mean you are anemic. A few people discover that their hemoglobin is low, which demonstrates anemia, at the time they go for blood donation. In case you’re informed that you can’t give blood as a result of low hemoglobin, make a meeting with your specialist.

Causes of Anemia

Inadequate amount of red blood cells cause anemia. This may be due to:

 

  • The body doesn’t make sufficient RBCs

 

  • Continues bleeding due to an injury or disease, lose RBCs more frequently than its formation.

 

  • If the body destroys RBCs

The function of Red Blood Cells

The body makes three types of cells-Red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body, White blood cells to fight against infections and platelets to help in the blood clotting.

 

Red Blood Cells contain hemoglobin — an iron-rich protein that gives red color in the blood. Hemoglobin empowers red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to all cells of the body and to convey carbon dioxide from different cells of the body to your lungs so that it can be exhaled.

 

Most blood cells, including      RBCs, are created normally in your bone marrow — a spongy material found inside the cavities of many of your large bones. To create hemoglobin and red blood cells, your body needs iron, nutrient B-12, folate, and different supplements from the foods you take.

Causes of Anemia

Different types of anemia and their causes include:

 

Iron deficiency anemia:This is the most well-known sort of anemia around the world. Iron deficiency anemia is brought about by a deficiency of iron in your body. Your bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin. Without sufficient iron, your body can’t create enough hemoglobin for red blood cells. A number of pregnant women suffer from iron deficiency anemia.It is also caused by heavy menstrual flow, ulcers, cancers and a long term use of pain relievers.

Vitamin deficiency anemia: Besides iron, the body also needs folate and Vitamin B-12 to produce healthy blood cells. If the diet lacks these nutrients, it can cause decrees production of red blood cells. In some people, vitamin B-12 did not consume by the body. That may cause vitamin deficiency anemia, which is also called pernicious anemia.

Anemia due to chronic diseases: Many diseases —, for example, malignant growth, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid joint pain, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease, and other inflammatory diseases — can disturb the normal mechanism of  RBCs production.

Aplastic Anemia: This is a rare and health-threatening type of anemia. The body does not produce red blood cells according to the requirements. Frequent infections, autoimmune diseases, certain medicines and exposure to toxic chemicals cause aplastic anemia.

Anemia due to bone marrow diseases: Leukemia and myelofibrosis and many other diseases cause anemia by affecting RBCs production in the bone marrow. The impacts of these kinds of malignancy and disease are life-threatening.

Hemolytic Anemia: Destruction of red blood cells, more frequently than its production, causes hemolytic anemia. Hemolytic anemia can be inherited or it can be developed at any stage of life.

Sickle cell Anemia: It is inherited and most fatal form of anemia. This is caused by defective hemoglobin that forces red blood cells to form a crescent-like shape. These sickle-shaped cells die immaturely and cause chronic lack of red blood cells.

Different Anemias: There are many other types of anemias, for example, thalassemia and malarial anemia.

Treatment at Saher Homeo Clinic

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