Immune thrombocytopenia Purpura - DR GHULAM YASEEN

Immune thrombocytopenia Purpura

Immune thrombocytopenia Purpura

This is a blood disorder in which blood doesn’t clot normally due to unusual low platelets count. This is also called immune thrombocytopenia. Low level of platelets causes bruising and bleeding.

Platelets are particles of blood and produced in the bone marrow. Platelets help to stop bleeding at the site of injury by clumping together. If body doesn’t produce enough platelets then blood doesn’t make clot. This condition causes bruising and bleeding in the body.

Patients presents with pin point- sized red dots on the skin that are called petechiae. These petechiae seem like rash. Besides this, purple or bluish spots may appear.

 

Sign and symptoms:

Initially there are no sign and symptoms in ITP. But when they occur it presents with following health conditions.

  • Bleeding from gums and nose
  • Blood in urine and stool
  • Heavy menstrual flow in females
  • Easy and excessive bruising
  • Pin point bleeding underneath skin( Petechiae formation)
  • Prolong bleeding after an injury or surgery

When to see a doctor

If you don’t have any sign and symptoms of bleeding and your platelet count is low than normal then, you don’t need to worry much about treatment. If your symptoms are severe, and you have episodes of bleeding from nose or gums, or pin–point bleeding under skin then go visit doctor immediately.

Causes

It usually happens when immune system starts attacking on platelets, assuming them as forgion bodies. In past this condition was known as “IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIA’’ because its cause was unknown. But now it’s clear that this happens due to the inappropriate functioning of immune system.

  • In children this condition trigger due to the viral infections like mumps and flu.
  • In adults this condition triggered due to infections like HIV, H.pylori and hepatitis.
  • Auto immune diseases like Rheumatiod Arthritis, Systemic lupus erythematosus and grave’s disease etc.

Complications

Possible complication of Immune thrombocytopenia includes bleeding in the brain that can be fatal.Heavy menstrual flow in females can cause anemia and weakness.

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